Nepal

Key Refugee Populations in Nepal Nepal has several refugee populations, including Bhutanese, Tibetans, Pakistani, Myanmar, Afghanistan, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Iran, Iraq, Congo and Bangladesh. Tibetans seeking asylum are longer granted refugee status after a change of heart on part of the government in the early 1990s. (It might make Nepal-China relations a bit testy…) UNHCR…

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Syria

The Arab Republic of Syria came into being in 1961 and has been under Ba’ath party rule ever since. The current president is Bashar al-Assad who came into power in 2000. He was preceded by his father, Hafez al-Assad who was in power since 1970. Over the past few decades Syria has been a country…

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Iraq

Iraq 101 Iraq has been almost continuously at war since 1980. 1980 was the start of the Iran-Iraq War, which started when Iraq invaded Iran after a long history of border disputes and fears that the suppressed Shi’a majority would try to gain power. After the end of this war in 1988, 1990 saw the…

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Bhutan

In Fact The Bhutanese refugee crisis began in the late 1980s when the Bhutanese government revoked the citizenship of the Lhotshampas—an ethnic minority in the south of Bhutan. The Lhotshampas are of Nepali descent and the Bhutanese government saw their distinct culture as a national security threat. Forced to flee Bhutan in the early 1990s,…

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Jordan

In Fact Though the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is not a signatory to the 1951 Refugee Convention, the country has become a haven for refugees. This legacy began with Palestinians, who sought refuge in 1948 following the creation of the state of Israel in 1945. An estimated 40 percent of the Jordanian population is Palestinian…

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Egypt

Refugee Demographics Egypt, a country of 82 million residents, hosts the fifth largest urban refugee population in the world, with Syrian, Sudanese, Eritrean, Ethiopian, and Somali refugees joining Iraqis. A majority of refugees living in Egypt live in Cairo. By the end of 2015, it is estimated that Egypt will be a temporary home to…

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